This book investigates the ancient stoic thinkers' views on gender and sexuality a detailed scrutiny of metaphysics, ethics and political philosophy reveals that the stoic philosophers held an exceptionally equal view of men and women's rational capacities. Along with marcus aurelius' meditations, seneca's letters from a stoic is the must-have volume for the student of stoicism written during the days of imperial rome seneca was nero's tutor and adviser, and his wisdom and talent for clear communication shine through in his 'essays' on stoicism. Marcus aurelius (121 - 180 ad) was roman emperor from 161 to 180, and is considered one of the most important stoic philosophers what today we call the meditations take the form of a personal notebook, which wasn't intended for publication. Marcus aurelius' stoic tome meditations, written in greek while on campaign between 170 and 180, is still revered as a literary monument to a philosophy of service and duty, describing how to find and preserve equanimity in the midst of conflict by following nature as a source of guidance and inspiration.
The roman emperor and stoic philosopher marcus aurelius (b 121-d 180) wrote a series of philosophical reflections that are best known in the english-speaking world under the title meditations in the meditations marcus reflects on a range of philosophical topics as well as challenges in his own life. Check out our marcus aurelius and the good life essay marcus was one of the strongest men of his time when he was an emperor in rome, the biggest empire at the time born marcus aurelius antonius, he was adopted by his uncle, hadrian who appointed him to priesthood in 129 bc. There are many legends in stoicism but there are few tangible works, ones that one can imbibe and feel atleast a little filled--other than marcus aurelius this book gives not so much a systematic look at the philosophy but it does have that density and practicality and intimacy, which is so rare. Marcus aurelius (121—180 ce) the philosophy of the roman emperor marcus aurelius can be found in a collection of personal writings known as the meditationsthese reflect the influence of stoicism and, in particular, the philosophy of epictetus, the stoic.
One of the world's most famous and influential books, meditations, by the roman emperor marcus aurelius (ad 121-180), incorporates the stoic precepts he used to cope with his life as a warrior and administrator of an empire ascending to the imperial throne in ad 161, aurelius found his reign beset by natural disasters and war. Attention to the present as pierre hadot points out, marcus aurelius' prescription for the practice of the stoic disciplines is distinct from the teachings of epictetus in one way—marcus aurelius focuses on the present. The philosopher-emperor marcus aurelius, one of rome's greatest thinkers, was a dedicated stoic (see next section) in this passage, he describes the way that stoics think about adversity an undisciplined soul may be crushed under the weight of obstacles and pain. Meditations is a series of personal writings by marcus aurelius, roman emperor 161-180 ce, setting forth his ideas on stoic philosophy it is doubtful that marcus aurelius antoninus ever intended for this book to be published. The second century ce roman emperor marcus aurelius was also a stoic philosopher, and his meditations, which he wrote to and for himself, offers readers a unique opportunity to see how an ancient person (indeed an emperor) might try to live a stoic life, according to which only virtue is good, only.
The greek scholar zeno is the founder, and the roman emperor marcus aurelius the most famous practitioner, while the roman statesman seneca is probably the most eloquent and entertaining but the real hero of stoicism, most stoics agree, is the greek philosopher epictetus. Maximus' determination to survive with courage, honor and dignity—the general who became a slave, a gladiator and finally the hero who defeats the evil tyrant—makes him the movie's inheritor of marcus aurelius' stoic philosophy. During seneca's time and continuing into aurelius', serious philosophy was written in greek people tended to be dismissive of latin philosophy that reason alone could have kept seneca off of aurelius' standard reading list. In his book to himself, the stoic marcus aurelius mentions several times that men have an eternal soul it seems to be a main idea in his work, since it appears in many of his points his emphasis could be easily compared to that of many contemporary christians, who endured the pain and strife of life in this world in exchange for a good afterlife.
According to the stoic philosophers epictetus and marcus aurelius, virtue comes through a proper understanding of nature, its processes, as well as one's place in it this piece will first explicate epictetus' and aurelius' views concerning nature, its workings, and the role that reason plays in it. He was influenced by stoic views, by epictetus, who represented that philosophy the life and state governing of marcus aurelius was based on his personal philosophy, and his views were put in the book meditations in a form of a personal diary. Published: mon, 5 dec 2016 self-control, the basic teaching of the greatest stoics in history the philosophy of stoicism emerged sometime around 300 bc though stoicism was founded by zeno of citium, the most influential stoics were marcus aurelius and epictetus, the emperor and the slave. This essay explores the significant role that the writings and stoic philosophy of marcus aurelius came to play in the life and work of william james james's.
Marcus aurelius is more familiar to many for his stoic philosophical writing known as meditations than his accomplishments as a roman emperor ironically, this virtuous emperor was the father of a son known for his impropriety, emperor commodus. I am no expert on ancient philosophy however, several sources, including gregory hays's introduction to his translation, indicate that aurelius draw from the ideas of multiple schools of philosophy, but borrowed primarily from the stoic school when creating this work. Source: marcus aurelius in four reasonable men, wesleyan university press, 1984, pp 3-53 [in the following excerpt, blanshard analyzes aurelius's stoic philosophy and discusses problems.